ERIC Number: ED320899
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Apr-19
Reference Count: N/A
Education Schools in Search of a Mission: The Preparation of Elementary Teachers at a Large University and a Normal School/State College, 1905-1945.
Levin, Robert A.
This paper reports on the findings of a study focused upon faculty, curricula, and field work in the preparation of elementary teachers during the early years of programs at the University of Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania) and Keen State College (New Hampshire). Distinct patterns in program missions were found that could be studied in context, considering both the history of educational thought and broader social, economic, and demographic trends in the United States. Distinct values about what teacher candidates should know, consider, and do--in the classroom and the community--were periodically evident in the institutions' curricula between 1905 and 1940. Significant efforts to integrate general, professional, and field studies also characterized portions of the 1910-1935 period at both institutions. Program developments tended to coincide with historical periods in which the themes expressed in teacher education mirrored larger social or political trends or events. During the 1930s, however, programs for elementary candidates at both places began to become homogenized, dominated by the evolving hegemony of a four-year liberal arts model of collegiate education. A conclusion is that careful assessment of which efforts accomplished what goals in the history of teacher education is likely to contribute to informed policy choices in the years to come. (Author/JD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 17-20, 1990).