ERIC Number: ED320706
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Work and Family Patterns of American Women. The Family Life Cycle: 1985; [and] Maternity Leave Arrangements: 1961-85. Current Population Reports.
Current Population Reports, Special Studies Series P23 n165 Mar 1990
The two papers in this report focus on some of the social, demographic, and economic consequences of the increasing entry of women into the workforce. Arthur Norton and Louisa Miller in "The Family Life Cycle: 1985" show trends in the frequency and timing of marriage, divorce, remarriage, and fertility across several generations of women. Martin O'Connell in "Maternity Leave Arrangements: 1961-85" presents research on factors associated with childbearing and labor force participation. Data from Norton and Miller's study show that younger cohorts of women had a tendency to marry later, begin childbearing later, and have fewer children. They also divorced more often and did so at a younger age than women in older cohorts. Despite within-cohort differences, members of the same birth cohort showed an overriding commonality with respect to basic patterns of life cycle change. O'Connell's study found that women most likely to work during their first pregnancy were relatively older, white, and at least high school graduates. Among women who did work during pregnancy, teenagers, black women, and high school dropouts were most likely to return to work within 6 months of their child's birth. Between the 1961-65 and 1976-80 periods, women most often quit their jobs during pregnancy; by 1981-85, almost one-half of all women received maternity benefits while only 28 percent reported quitting their jobs. (RH)
Descriptors: Birth Rate, Demography, Divorce, Economic Factors, Employed Women, Fringe Benefits, Labor Force, Leaves of Absence, Marriage, Pregnancy, Remarriage, Social Change, Social Influences, Sociocultural Patterns
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402 (Stock No. 803-005-10018-9, $3.50).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Bureau of the Census (DOC), Suitland, MD. Population Div.