ERIC Number: ED320405
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: 0
Speech Disorder as a Sociolinguistic Problem.
Douglas-Cowie, E.; Cowie, R.
This study compared listener response to normal and deafened speakers, and attempted to identify: (1) the basic types of judgments that underlie listeners' responses and those that are likely to be abnormal when the speaker is deafened; and (2) the features of speech responsible for particular reaction types. Subjects were 47 moderately to profoundly postlingually deafened individuals, 19 control speakers, and 660 normal hearing listeners. Recordings of the speakers' reading and less formal speech were evaluated by the listeners. Listeners then responded to a questionnaire that concerned the following: (1) emotional reactions to deafened speakers; (2) assessments of deafened speakers' competence, personality and social relationship, educational and occupational status, and psychological and physical states; and (3) assessments of deafened speakers' speech and language. Results show that listener responses to the profoundly deafened were much stronger than to the hard-of-hearing. The findings suggest that profoundly deafened people face real and extensive social obstacles except in optimal speaking conditions. (MSE)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: York Papers in Linguistics 13. Selected papers from the Sociolinguistics Symposium; see FL 018 472.