ERIC Number: ED320370
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Comparing Social Interactions in Supported Employment Options.
Storey, Keith; Horner, Robert H.
Direct observation procedures were utilized in assessing the social interactions of 37 adults with severe disabilities in 18 employment programs, representing 3 different supported employment contexts (individual, enclave, and work crew). The data gathered focused on: (1) job engagement time; (2) extent of interaction with work supervisor, human service supervisor, nonhandicapped co-worker, handicapped co-worker, or other; (3) type of interaction (receiving, providing, or requesting assistance; receiving or providing instruction; receiving or providing social amenities; receiving or providing compliments; receiving or providing criticism; receiving or providing teasing; or work conservation); and (4) the job task, setting variables, and inappropriate behaviors. Results indicated that workers in individual and enclave employment sites had significantly more contact with nondisabled persons than workers in work crews, but there was no difference in the social contact rate between workers in individual jobs and those in enclaves. There was a wide variation in the amount of interaction with nondisabled persons in the different individual and enclave sites, but little difference in the type of interactions across the three different work options. Includes 48 references. (JDD)
Descriptors: Adults, Comparative Analysis, Employer Employee Relationship, Employment Programs, Interaction, Interaction Process Analysis, Interpersonal Communication, Interpersonal Relationship, Severe Disabilities, Social Integration, Supported Employment, Time on Task
Keith Storey, University of Pittsburgh, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, Early Childhood Intervention Program, 3811 O'Hara St., Pittsburgh, PA 15213-2593.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Policymakers
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A