ERIC Number: ED320347
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Memory and Study Strategies for Optimal Learning.
Hamachek, Alice L.
Study strategies are those specific reading skills that increase understanding, memory storage, and retrieval. Memory techniques are crucial to effective studying, and to subsequent performance in class and on written examinations. A major function of memory is to process information. Stimuli are picked up by sensory receptors and transferred to the brain for storage. This storage system is classified into sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory. Mnemonics, such as acronyms, acrostics, and peg systems, are memory techniques that enhance storage and retrieval of pertinent information. Individual students' study styles should be evaluated for their position on a continuum on seven key aspects, such as studying alone or with someone, in silence or with background noise. Strategies for understanding text include summarizing, questioning, reciting, writing, and reviewing. Metacognition and metamemory provide important feedback for the student who is interested in monitoring his/her own learning in an effort to achieve desired goals and reach full academic potential. These strategies are crucial for the learning-disabled student in that reading is a common problem, processing is often hindered or delayed, and memory difficulties frequently keep students from desired goals. Includes 17 references. (JDD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Conference of the Learning Disabilities Association of America (Anaheim, CA, February 21-24, 1990).