ERIC Number: ED320270
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
School Restructuring: Santanya's Warning.
Tushnet, Naida C.
A synthesis of the research on educational improvement programs of the 60s and 70s provides the framework for this paper. Restructured schools featured the use of team teaching and shared decision making, and changes in curriculum content and delivery. Problem areas centered on role-related issues, ambiguous means of implementation, and lack of fit between context and innovation. Santanya argued that knowledge gained from the past must be used to avoid repetition of the same mistakes. A review of reform efforts must therefore consider the different social, economic, and intellectual roots of the past and present situations to avoid misapplying the lessons. An understanding of the context in which restructuring occurred is necessary. Factors crucial for restructuring success are: (1) an understanding of the roles and knowledge needed; (2) a clear organizational structure; and (3) a balance between content and context. (7 references) (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 16-20, 1990).