ERIC Number: ED320206
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Dec
Reference Count: 0
American Education: The Challenge of Change.
Griffith, Jeanne E.; And Others
Population Bulletin, v44 n4 Dec 1989
The American education system is being challenged to raise the academic achievement of students to prepare them for the jobs of the future. Yet many demographic, economic, and social factors are making that task more difficult. Low birth rates, especially among non-Hispanic whites, along with high immigration rates, have increased the share of minority and non-English-speaking students in public schools. The rise in single-parent families has increased the number of poor students, and migration from the cities to the suburbs has concentrated poor and minority students in innercity schools. These same children will make up a greater share of the future labor force. At the same time, the aging of the general population may lessen the commitment of homeowners--whose taxes pay between one-third and one-half of education costs. The aging labor force may bring a shortage of qualified teachers, particularly in specialized subject areas. Poor and minority students generally have below average academic skills and are more likely to drop out of high school than nonminority students. However, the skills of American students rank below those of most other industrialized nations, calling into question the ability of Americans to succeed in an increasingly international economic system. Reforms of educational finance systems, court-ordered integration, and stiffer requirements for teachers and for graduation from high school are among many attempts to meet the immense challenges faced by American schools. (Author)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Population Reference Bureau, Inc., Washington, DC.