ERIC Number: ED319764
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Attributions or Retributions: Student Ratings and the Perceived Causes of Performance.
Theall, Michael; And Others
The nature and extent of variations in student attributions about performance in their courses were studied, and the relationships between the attributions and responses on certain items of a student ratings questionnaire were determined. Causal or predictive relationships among these variables were also investigated. Data were collected using: (1) the Teacher-Course Evaluation Project questionnaire (TCEP) (described by M. Theall and others in 1987), with 47,732 respondents in 2,381 courses; (2) the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire of P. R. Pintrich et al. (1988); and (3) a self-evaluation questionnaire completed by faculty in from 352 to 1,200 classes. Attributions of performance were strongly related to expected grades as predicted by previous research and fluctuated with respect to other instructional variables in similar and predictable ways. Attributions of internally and externally oriented students were shown to be significantly different. Attributional (self-serving) bias was established, but found not to invalidate ratings. Attributions were shown to be effects and not causes. Faculty attributions also followed patterns suggested by previous literature. Ten tables presenting study data and six figures are included. Attachments provide the questionnaires and summaries of factor analyses of questionnaire data. A 52-item list of references is included. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Attribution Theory, College Faculty, College Students, Factor Analysis, Higher Education, Influences, Locus of Control, Performance, Predictor Variables, Psychological Characteristics, Questionnaires, Self Concept, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Student Attitudes, Teacher Attitudes
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Attachment B, 4 pages, contains scattered faint type.