ERIC Number: ED319719
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Using Diagrams and Texts To Teach Verbal Chains: A Comparison of Gender and College Major.
Branch, Robert C.
This study sought to determine if logical relationships that have been clearly established in textual terms can be presented equivalently in diagrams, and, if so, what the effect might be on student comprehension when diagram technology is employed together with instructive questions. Participants in the study were 129 college students randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatment groups. The theses of the study were that flow diagrams are a more effective presentation type for cyclical information than texts, and that each presentation type, when used in conjuction with instructive questions, will enhance the learning of verbal chains. Evaluation of comprehension tests following different types of presentations and questioning techniques indicated that flow diagrams were more effective than texts in presenting this kind of information. Also, instructive questions did not enhance the learning effectiveness of the presentation type. No significant differences were found between males and females or between different college majors. Two tables and four figures are included. (JD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Conference of the Eastern Educational Research Association (Clearwater, FL, February, 1990).