ERIC Number: ED319604
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Task Analyses of Critical Evaluations of Quantitative Arguments: First Steps in Critical Interpretation of Graphically Presented Data.
McKnight, Curtis C.; And Others
The ability to think critically in the presence of arguments with essential quantitative elements, most often graphical elements, will become an essential skill for educated citizens in the future. This paper takes one specific graphical display, a narrow series of observational and interpretational tasks related to a graph, and using a small set of case studies, takes some initial steps in characterizing the organization and nature of cognitive information processing in relation to those tasks. Seventeen college freshmen were interviewed using a graph and three questions on the graph; data from 10 subjects was analyzed. A model of data point reading; the organization of cognitive processing; and a catalog of processing errors and off-task processing were discussed. Some distinctions in the processing are outlined for further exploration. (YP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 16-20, 1990).