ERIC Number: ED319592
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
Making the Grade in Mathematics: Elementary School Mathematics in the United States, Taiwan, and Japan.
Stevenson, Harold W.; And Others
Over the last decade, it has been reported that American students lag behind their Asian counterparts as early as the first grade. This study investigated variables influencing elementary school students' mathematics achievement in Japan, Taiwan, and America. Children's mathematics achievement and cognitive abilities were tested. Children, teachers, and principals were interviewed about their reactions to school. Mathematics textbooks and mathematics instruction were analyzed. The following chapters are provided: (1) "The Problem"; (2) "The Study"; (3) "Cities"; (4) "Schools" (comparing organization, ranking, after-school classes, and homework); (5) "Textbooks" (discussing the differences in how the books are used); (6) "Achievement Tests" (comparing scores on computation and word problems); (7) "Cognitive Tests" (reporting no overall differences); (8) "Classroom Observations" (discussing time for mathematics, in-class behavior, and teaching); (9) "Attitudes about Mathematics"; (10) "Beliefs about Effort and Ability"; and (11) "Mothers and Homes." The following four recommendations to improve achievement of American children are offered: reorganize the school day; make mathematics exciting; get more assistance from parents; and change unhelpful assumptions. (YP)
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Cross Cultural Studies, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Education, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Teachers, Parent Influence, Parent Participation, Parent Student Relationship
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 1906 Association Drive, Reston, VA 22091 ($9.50; 10 or more 20% discount).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, Inc., Reston, VA.
Identifiers - Location: Japan; Taiwan