ERIC Number: ED319585
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Educating Undocumented Children: A Review of Practices and Policies. A Trends and Issues Paper.
Carrera, John Willshire
This paper discusses trends and issues surrounding undocumented students in the United States. War, hope, political difficulties, and economic troubles propel immigrants into the country. Estimates range from 100,000 to 500,000 undocumented immigrants entering annually, almost one-fifth of whom are under age 15. Many undocumented children attend public schools. Issues for educators include the right to education for undocumented children, the right of immigration officials to enter the classroom, and children in detention. State laws say all school-aged immigrants are required to attend school without regard to citizenship. However, some immigrant students must receive permission from immigration officials to attend school, and that permission can be withdrawn. Education rights are defined by the courts, federal education acts, and civil-rights legislation. Provisions of the Immigrant Reform and Control Act and the Transition Program for Refugee Children tie services to students' immigration status. Other federal programs do not. Court decisions also address detention center issues, language proficiency, equal educational opportunity, and educational access by undocumented migrant students. Schools are advised to be aware of students' rights and work toward an atmosphere that is hospitable to all immigrants. They are prohibited from discriminating against students based upon their immigration status or making inquiries that might expose that status. Recommendations for schools include staff training, preparation of information materials, and the development of policies dealing with victimization or harassment of immigrant students. The document also includes a legal bibliography, a table of applicable court cases, and 14 references. (TES)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Childrens Rights, Civil Rights, Court Litigation, Educational Discrimination, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation, Legal Responsibility, Public Education, School Policy, Student Rights, Undocumented Immigrants
ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, P.O. Box 1348, Charleston, WV 25325 ($7.50).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Charleston, WV.