ERIC Number: ED319576
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Condition of Rural Education in West Virginia: A Profile.
Coe, Pam; Howley, Craig B.
According to the definition that a rural school district is one in which 75% or more of the population lives outside Standard Metropolitan Areas or in which student density is equal to or less than 10 pupils per square miles, 36 or 65% of West Virginia's 55 counties are classified as rural. State school policies do not specifically recognize the differences between urban and rural school districts. Although a few policies imply consideration for the rural nature of most of the state's school districts, none of the provisions have been funded. Since 1982, the state has been making an effort to promote a thorough and efficient system of free schools as mandated by Pauley vs. Bailey, a pioneering case and a catalyst for reform. Also known as the Recht decision, the ruling prescribed the precise subjects to be taught, the number of minutes of instruction, and curriculum goals. Typically, students in rural counties begin the school day with a long bus ride, have unemployed parents who dropped out of school, receive special education services, score lower on achievement tests and have a greater chance of dropping out of school. School revenues are raised from property taxes; this presents a problem in rural counties with no commercial or business properties. When school districts are ranked by quartiles based on student density, the least dense quartile is shown to have the lowest average personal income: approximately five-eighths of the average personal income of the most dense quartile of districts. Findings of a 1988 Task Force indicated serious problems existing in the structure and finance of the educational system and offered possible solutions. This document contains statistical data and 12 references. (ALL)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Rural Areas, Rural Education, Rural Schools, Rural Urban Differences, Rural Youth, School Districts, School Law, State Legislation, State Programs, Student Characteristics
Appalachia Educational Laboratory, P.O. Box 1348, Charleston, WV 25325.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Appalachia Educational Lab., Charleston, WV.
Identifiers - Location: West Virginia