ERIC Number: ED319568
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
The BIA/Contract School Secondary Administrator: Characteristics and Leadership Style.
Chance, Edward W.
This study of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) and contract secondary school administrators creates a BIA administrator profile and examines differences between Indian and non-Indian administrators. Two different instruments were mailed to 54 administrators. The first, with a return rate of 44%, was a questionnaire relating to administrative duties and activities. The second, with a return rate of 41%, was the Leadership Practices Inventory, a leadership style instrument. Both surveys were examined for demographic and ethnic differences. Eighty percent of the respondents were male with an average age of 40-45. The typical administrator had been a classroom teacher for 7.38 years before becoming a principal. The average term of service in the current school was 5.4 years. Respondents' average length of service in administration was 11.71 years. The study found few differences between Native American and non-Indian administrators regarding daily activities or leadership style. The typical administrator arrives 40 minutes early for work and stays an hour late, maintaining high daily visibility in the cafeteria, teacher's lounge, and school halls. The data suggest that all BIA administrators are involved in activities and extracurricular events. Both groups tended to describe themselves as "inspiring" and "modeling," while Indian principals tended to choose the word "challenging." Conversely, however, all respondents scored only moderately on areas of staff collaboration, enabling subordinates, and recognizing employees when they achieve. Administrators perceive themselves as instructional leaders, but they actually spend much of their time as managers or disciplinarians. The document suggests instructional leadership as an area for possible reform. (TES)
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Administrator Characteristics, Administrator Responsibility, Administrator Role, American Indian Education, American Indians, Cross Cultural Studies, Elementary Secondary Education, Leadership Qualities, School Surveys, Self Concept, Teacher Administrator Relationship, Tribally Controlled Education
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Leadership Practices Inventory