NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED319534
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Socrates versus the Drill Sergeant: Dimensions of Variation in Preschool Teachers' Discourse.
Smith, Miriam W.; McCabe, Allyssa
This study of dimensions of variation in preschool teachers' classroom talk involved 10 white, middle-class, experienced teachers in developmental classes. Audio recordings and observations were made of 30 minutes of free play time, 5 minutes of transition time, and 25 minutes of group time. For 8 of the teachers, group time included 10 minutes of story reading, which was analyzed separately. Recordings were complemented by field notes. Transcripts of recordings were coded for eight types of questions, six types of controlling strategies, and five other speech acts. Time of day had a significant effect on the variables. Principal components analyses of the variables for free play, transition, group time, and story reading consistently produced two components that maximally differentiated teachers from each other: (1) a tendency to solicit, clarify, and echo children's responses; and (2) a controlling tendency involving direct and indirect commands and controlling questions. These two dimensions of variation are discussed in relation to Nelson's (1973) positive cognitive and negative social parental discourse styles. For story reading, these dimensions are further related to Dickinson and Keebler's (1989) analysis of interactive versus performatory book reading styles. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A