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ERIC Number: ED319518
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Apr-22
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Predicting Children's Problem Behaviors from the Content of Maternal Demands.
Kuczynski, Leon; Kochanska, Grazyna
Relationships between the function and content of maternal interventions to control their toddlers' behavior and behavior problems and compliance in the child's fifth year were studied. Naturalistic observation of 51 dyads consisting of depressed and nondepressed mothers and their children who were 1.5 to 3.5 years old at the time of first observation and 5 years old during the second observation revealed that "do commands," interventions regarding chores, and interpersonal behaviors increased with age during the toddler period, while interventions concerning protection of objects decreased. Interventions concerning prosocial behaviors and chores tended to be positively related with "do commands." Interventions concerning self-control, protection of objects, and location were positively associated with "don't commands." There were several correlations between the content and function of maternal controls and socioeconomic status and contemporaneous measures of children's compliance. Maternal use of "do commands" and commands regarding prosocial issues, chores, and location of child at the time of the first obervation were associated with fewer behavior problems in the child's fifth year. Maternal commands focusing on regulation of interpersonal and self-control issues were associated with more behavior problems among 5-year-olds. The frequency of "do commands" and control issues concerning chores, interpersonal behaviors, and cognitive and play activities at the first observation were also predictive of children's compliance at the second observation. Findings are discussed in terms of parental socialization pressures, maturity demands, and potential contributions of child's behavior. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A