ERIC Number: ED319513
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Infant Day Care on Children's Social Behavior: An Examination of Within-Group Differences.
Volling, Brenda; And Others
This study examined the influence of the family environment, day care in the infant's first year, and the fit between child characteristics and the caregiving context as correlates of children's social behavior. Subjects were 39 Caucasian infants and their mothers and caregivers. Mothers and caregivers were asked to rate children's behavior on a series of items related to four composites of children's social behavior: sociability, distractibility, difficulty, and aggression/disobedience. All families were interviewed about the family's background and the child's day care experience. Mothers completed the Family Environment Scale's subscales on expressiveness, conflict, independence, and control. The fit between children's characteristics and their caregiving environments was assessed by means of a list of 20 desirable and 20 undesirable child behaviors which was given to mothers and caregivers. Findings revealed that individual differences in children's social behavior were influenced by the family environment and the relationships the children established with their parents and caregivers. Results suggested that the fit between children and the significant adults in their lives was much more promising for explaining variance in children's behavior than explaining the day care experience. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Health Resources and Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Bureau of Maternal and Child Health and Resources Development.
Authoring Institution: N/A