ERIC Number: ED319506
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Value of Ideas: The Immersion Approach to the Development of Thinking. Elementary Subjects Center Series No. 20.
Prawat, Richard S.
In this paper, discussion covers three approaches to the fostering of higher level thinking in students: (1) the stand-alone approach, in which thinking skills are taught separately from subject matter content; (2) the embedding approach, in which thinking skills are explicitly taught in the context of subject matter content; and (3) the immersion approach, in which thinking skills remain implicit and in-depth understanding of content constitutes a necessary and sufficient condition for development of higher order thinking. Advocates of the third approach argue that it is counterproductive to devote much attention to the explicit teaching of thinking, believing that thinking develops naturally in classrooms where students are engaged in the pursuit of common understanding. The stand-alone approach is briefly discussed. The embedding approach is more extensively discussed, in terms of executive control and critical thinking skills. The immersion approach is extensively discussed in sections focusing on ideas as the central factor in the promoting of thought, examples of the approach, and the role of discourse in the approach. The concluding section of the report indicates a need for further research comparing the immersion and embedding approaches. Cited are 49 references. (RH)
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Cognitive Processes, Comprehension, Critical Thinking, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Guidelines, Research Needs, Teacher Role, Teaching Methods, Thinking Skills
Institute for Research on Teaching, College of Education, Michigan State University, 252 Erickson Hall, East Lansing, MI 48424 ($3.25).
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Inst. for Research on Teaching.