ERIC Number: ED319443
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Jun
Reference Count: 0
How Do Community Colleges Serve Business and Industry? A Review of Issues Discussed in the Literature.
The educational literature provides evidence of the increasing role of community colleges in serving business and industry. By providing pre-service education for persons entering the labor market or continuing education for employed individuals who seek skills upgrading, community colleges have made businesses a major consumer of college services. This literature review begins with an overview of community college services to business clients, which include instructional services such as customization and non-vocational courses, and non-instructional services such as assessment, grantsmanship, technology transfer, and consulting services to small and new businesses. The role of the community college in economic development is also examined. Next, research on administrative factors is summarized, showing a great deal of variance between institutions in the number and types of services provided by community colleges to business and industry. State surveys are cited which provide further evidence of this uneven service pattern, indicating that while all community colleges provide at least some assistance to business, most of these services are accounted for by a relatively small number of colleges. Factors which influence community college involvement with business and industry are identified, including program management, state support, the health of the local economy, and staffing. The next section reviews papers and reports considering the effectiveness and benefits of business/industry partnerships. The final section provides a summary of the issues. A 36-source annotated bibliography and a list of 25 selected dissertations are included. (JMC)
Descriptors: Administrative Policy, Business Administration Education, College Role, Community Colleges, Curriculum Development, Labor Force Development, Literature Reviews, Planning, Policy Formation, Role of Education, School Business Relationship, Skill Development, Two Year Colleges, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Association of Community and Junior Colleges, Washington, DC.