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ERIC Number: ED319343
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Pages: 36
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Undergraduate Completion and Persistence at Four-Year Colleges and Universities: Completers, Persisters, Stopouts, and Dropouts.
Porter, Oscar F.
This study of the persistence behavior of undergraduates at America's 4-year colleges and universities used data from the "High School and Beyond" study, a national survey of 28,000 high-school seniors. "Persistence" is described as the flow of students through college over a 6-year period. Four categories of persistence were identified--completers (those who completed a bachelor's degree), persisters (those who were continuously enrolled), stopouts (those who left and returned), and dropouts (those who left and did not return). Findings of the study include: (1) degree completion was lower than anticipated from a review of literature; (2) completion was more timely and at a higher rate in independent colleges and universities than at public institutions; (3) Black and Hispanic completion rates lag seriously behind those of whites and Asian Americans; (4) the greatest enrollment loss occurred during the first year and after the eighth semester; (5) both socioeconomic status and academic ability influence persistence; (6) the cumulative effect of socioeconomic status and ability is greater than the influence of either factor by itself; and (7) students who received grants in their first year of study were more likely to remain enrolled than students without grants. Includes 40 references. (JDD)
National Institute of Independent Colleges and Universities, Suite 750, 122 C St. NW, Washington, DC 20001-2190 ($5.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: Lilly Endowment, Inc., Indianapolis, IN.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: National Inst. of Independent Colleges and Universities, Washington, DC.