ERIC Number: ED319343
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Undergraduate Completion and Persistence at Four-Year Colleges and Universities: Completers, Persisters, Stopouts, and Dropouts.
Porter, Oscar F.
This study of the persistence behavior of undergraduates at America's 4-year colleges and universities used data from the "High School and Beyond" study, a national survey of 28,000 high-school seniors. "Persistence" is described as the flow of students through college over a 6-year period. Four categories of persistence were identified--completers (those who completed a bachelor's degree), persisters (those who were continuously enrolled), stopouts (those who left and returned), and dropouts (those who left and did not return). Findings of the study include: (1) degree completion was lower than anticipated from a review of literature; (2) completion was more timely and at a higher rate in independent colleges and universities than at public institutions; (3) Black and Hispanic completion rates lag seriously behind those of whites and Asian Americans; (4) the greatest enrollment loss occurred during the first year and after the eighth semester; (5) both socioeconomic status and academic ability influence persistence; (6) the cumulative effect of socioeconomic status and ability is greater than the influence of either factor by itself; and (7) students who received grants in their first year of study were more likely to remain enrolled than students without grants. Includes 40 references. (JDD)
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Bachelors Degrees, College Graduates, Dropouts, Higher Education, Private Colleges, Public Colleges, Stopouts, Student Attrition, Undergraduate Students, Withdrawal (Education)
National Institute of Independent Colleges and Universities, Suite 750, 122 C St. NW, Washington, DC 20001-2190 ($5.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Lilly Endowment, Inc., Indianapolis, IN.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: National Inst. of Independent Colleges and Universities, Washington, DC.