ERIC Number: ED319258
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Eligibility and Programming in Chapter I English as a Second Language (E.S.L.) Programs, 1988-89. OREA Report.
Berney, Tomi D.; Stern, Lucia
Chapter I/Pupils with Compensatory Educational Needs programs in English as a Second Language (ESL) served students at 78 high schools in New York City, supplementing tax-levy-funded ESL classes in those schools serving limited-English-proficient (LEP) students. Chapter I of the Educational Consolidation and Improvement Act funded ESL and bilingual classes, bilingual guidance counselors, and paraprofessionals. Three program models were provided, each for a different type of high school, with specific formulas for allocation of funds at different instructional levels. Evaluation was conducted through interviews, data collection, and observation. Each participating school had diverse problems requiring different Chapter I programs, including native language illiteracy, increases in the number of immigrant students unprepared for the high school curriculum, social and economic difficulties facing new immigrant students, and large classes. In some cases, the constant influx of new students made functional grouping impossible, placing students at diverse ESL levels in the same class. Recommendations for program improvement include: examining effects of new LEP eligibility rules on demand for Chapter I funds to supplement tax levies, evaluating effects of class size on ESL learning; and exploring the effectiveness of the program model as it relates to student acquisition of English language skills and time needed to mainstream. (Author/MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Office of Research, Evaluation, and Assessment.