ERIC Number: ED319199
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Living in the Community: A Comparative Study of Foster Homes and Small Group Homes for People with Mental Retardation. Project Report 28.
Hill, Bradley K.; And Others
The study surveyed 181 specialized foster care homes or small (with 6 or fewer residents) group homes providing residential care for persons (N=336) with mental retardation and related developmental disabilities. The study found that the community residential facility sample was generally much less well integrated into the life of the community than was a sample of the general population. Differences were greatest in the areas of vocational/educational integration and social integration. Differences were least and actually favored the sample of persons with mental retardation in community residential facilities in the area of leisure/recreational integration. The study also found that many residents, even those with severe impairments, are functioning well in small living arrangements in normal communities. High rates of satisfaction and relatively positive community and neighborhood acceptance were reported. Specific results are reported in chapters on: facility and care provider characteristics (e.g., size, operator type, admission requirements, licensing and monitoring, preservice training, salaries); resident characteristics, relationships, and activities (e.g., demographics, level of retardation, health limitations, family contact, leisure activities); program characteristics (e.g., case management, program plans, and specialized services); and integration into the life of the community. Contains about 200 references.
Descriptors: Adult Foster Care, Adults, Attitudes, Community Programs, Demography, Developmental Disabilities, Group Homes, Mental Retardation, National Surveys, Normalization (Handicapped), Quality of Life, Residential Care, Social Integration
Center for Residential and Community Services, Institute on Community Integration, University of Minnesota, 207 Pattee Hall, 150 Pillsbury Dr., S.E., Minneapolis, MN 55455 ($15.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Administration on Developmental Disabilities (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Center for Residential and Community Services.