ERIC Number: ED319082
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
An Analysis of the Content and Form of Students' Verbal Interactions in Cooperative Groups.
Deering, Paul D.; Meloth, Michael S.
A study examined the content and form of third-, fourth-, and sixth-grade students' verbal interactions while working in cooperative groups. Teachers were asked to conduct cooperative-learning reading lessons during the observation time. A total of 32 observations of students' cooperative group work were conducted in six classrooms during regular whole-language literacy instruction. Content of students' verbal interactions was examined in terms of four general categories: procedural, academic, individualistic, and social/emotional. The form of students' discussions was examined in terms of the length of their utterances. Form was examined to describe the structure of the various types of verbal interaction content, and also to ascertain the extent to which students' utterances facilitated or hampered discussion of high-level academic content. Grade level and teacher effects were examined for both content and form. Analysis revealed that much of the students' group discussion could be characterized as on-task and non-negative in tone. Results indicated high amounts of procedural and academic talk and relatively low amounts of individualistic and social/emotional talk. The greater mean lengths of academic low-level and high-level utterances suggest that these two categories of discussion content are distinct from most or all other types of utterances. (Four figures and seven tables of data are included. Twenty-six references are attached.) (Author/MG)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A