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ERIC Number: ED319004
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Feb
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Recall of Information Separating Two Inconsistent Propositions: An Experimental Test of the "Cognitive Dumping" Hypothesis.
Clark, Henry T., III
A study investigated free recall of information bounded by internally inconsistent sentences compared to the same information in consistent text versions. Data were elicited from 40 undergraduate students enrolled in classes in educational psychology. Subjects were instructed to read one consistent and one inconsistent (containing two propositions separated by three intervening sentences) text passage presented on a computer and were then asked to free recall as much of the passages as they could remember. Results revealed no main effect for passage order but a significant effect on version. Recall of target propositions was significantly greater when the information was in the consistent version than when the same information was in the inconsistent version. The advantage of consistent version over inconsistent version held for both passages. The findings indicated that decreased recall is effected by cognitive activity that occurs after initial processing; this is consistent with the reduced recall prediction of the "cognitive dumping" hypothesis. (One table of data is included.) (KEH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A