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ERIC Number: ED318927
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Mar-16
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of Transpersonal, Wholistic, and Other Major Counseling Theories.
Peterson, J. Vincent; Nisenholz, Bernard
Transpersonal Counseling and Wholistic Counseling are two relatively new approaches to psychotherapy. Transpersonal counseling is based on the work of transpersonal psychologists who believe that there are potential cognitive, moral, and motivational stages of development beyond those reached by most adults. It suggests a "fourth force" in psychology in addition to psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, and humanistic forces. Wholistic counseling may be viewed as the epitome of eclectic counseling, working with the total person and employing information and methodology from virtually any source. The wholistic counseling approach strives for prevention as well as remediation and cure. It is both a proactive and a reactive approach which works with the whole person in terms of body, mind, emotions, and spirit, in the context of the person's total environment. This document describes the transpersonal counseling and wholistic counseling approaches to psychotherapy. It presents the background, basic concepts, goals, processes, and counselor roles associated with each approach and examines the strengths and weaknesses of each approach. The characteristics of these approaches are compared to other major counseling approaches (person-centered, Gestalt, transactional analysis, behavioral, rational emotive cognitive) on an accompanying chart. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - General; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A