ERIC Number: ED318926
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Elaboration of Tinto's Model of College Student Departure: A Qualitative Study of Freshman Experiences.
Christie, Nancy G.; Dinham, Sarah M.
Research has confirmed the usefulness of Tinto's model in predicting undergraduate student withdrawal from college and in conceptualizing and explaining the process of student attrition. Tinto proposed that college students are more likely to withdraw if they are insufficiently integrated or if they maintain values sufficiently different from the values of the college they are attending. This study was conducted to further explore the utility of Tinto's model and to investigate the nature of the process Tinto describes. Subjects were 25 first time, full-time college freshmen. Interviews were conducted with 10 freshmen in Fall 1988 and with all 25 in Spring 1989. Four students who withdrew from the university were interviewed during Summer 1989. The findings revealed that the institutional experiences of living on campus and participating in extracurricular activities appeared to enhance the students' social integration by exposing them to other students and to opportunities to interact and develop friendships with other students. The external experiences of interaction with non-university high school friends and family appeared to interfere with the students' opportunities to socialize with other students. These findings confirm the usefulness of Tinto's model in understanding student perspectives regarding the pressures that lead to their persistence decisions. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A