ERIC Number: ED318925
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Does Academic Performance Feedback Affect Children's Self-Esteem?
Anderson, Karen M.
This study investigated whether academic achievement (as reflected on report cards) would have an effect upon children's self-esteem. Subjects were 46 third- and 40 sixth-grade students. Thirty of the third-graders and 28 of the sixth-graders completed Harter's Self-Perception Profile 2 weeks before report cards were distributed and again the week after report cards had been received. At the second session, students also answered four follow-up questions regarding their reactions to their report cards. A control group of 15 third- and 12 sixth-graders were seen the week after report cards were received and again 2 weeks later, completing the self-esteem profile at both sessions. The findings revealed that self-esteem scores across time were significantly less stable for the third-graders than for the sixth-graders. In general this instability did not appear directly related to report cards. Third-graders had higher responses to three of four follow-up questions regarding reactions to the report cards, suggesting developmental differences in terms of how children react to this form of academic feedback information. A lack of differences in Scholastic Competence change scores between target and control groups suggests that any changes in self-esteem that occurred among target third-graders were not necessarily caused by report cards. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 16-20, 1990).