ERIC Number: ED318924
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Apr-18
Assessing and Dealing with School-Related Stress in Grades 3-12 Students.
Helms, Barbara J.; Gable, Robert K.
Certain aspects of a school environment can be stressful for students. The School Situation Survey (SSS) was developed to assess school-related stress among students in grades 3 through 12. The seven scales of the SSS assess four sources of stress (Teacher Interactions, Academic Stress, Peer Interactions, Academic Self-Concept) and three manifestations of stress (Emotional, Behavioral, Physiological). A pilot form of the survey was administered to 907 fifth-, seventh-, and ninth-graders and a revised form was administered to 1,111 students in these grades. To date, the SSS has been administered to over 7,000 students in grades 3 through 12 in 16 Connecticut and Rhode Island school districts representing rural, suburban, and urban districts. Normative information is available by total group, grade-level cluster, and gender. Reliabilities are considered moderate to high; test-retest data support the stability of the perceptions of stress levels over time. Teachers and school support staff can help students to cope with stress by enabling them to learn to make friends and to learn to identify and deal with different types of stress. Teachers and staff can also help students to deal with stress by informing them of possible stressful situations before they are encountered. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 16-20, 1990).