ERIC Number: ED318853
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Dec-4
Reference Count: N/A
Vocational Training for Self Employment. ILO's Experience in Africa.
Johanson, Richard K.
The number of entrants to the labor market today in most sub-Sahara African countries far exceeds the number of new jobs generated by the economy. This mismatch is one of the most serious problems the region faces. With too few jobs to go around, vocational training should focus on the generation of self-employment possibilities. In the mid-1970s the International Labour Office and the Swedish International Development Authority teamed up to develop and try out a new approach to the creation of rural employment through training. After 10 years, an investment of more than $5.3 million, and much trial and error, a successful approach has been developed for the creation of rural employment. The Skill Development for Self-Reliance (SDSR) program has been applied in Kenya, Tanzania, and Zambia. The overall SDSR strategy aims at creating self-employment for rural youth and women. It uses existing government training structures and financial institutions, and it applies a comprehensive approach to ensure the profitability of business activity on a sustained basis. There are five key program elements of the SDSR approach to rural income generation and self-employment: (1) market analysis; (2) selection of entrepreneurs; (3) training; (4) credit; and (5) follow-up/monitoring. Now the SDSR program faces the issues of expansion on a larger scale and the creation of a supporting infrastructure. (KC)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Developing Nations, Educational Policy, Entrepreneurship, Foreign Countries, Government Role, Models, Postsecondary Education, Program Implementation, Role of Education, Rural Development, Secondary Education, Self Employment, Small Businesses, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia