ERIC Number: ED318825
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Substance Abuse among Black Youth. Prevention Research Update. Number Four/Fall 1989.
Prendergast, Michael L.; And Others
This report discusses the substance use patterns and problems of black adults and youth relative to other groups (primarily whites). In addition, the report examines recent and older literature in order to reveal factors that may influence use and issues that need to be considered in designing prevention programs. The following sections are included: (1) "Nature and Extent of Use"; (2) "Substance-Related Problems"; (3) "Correlates of Use"; (4) "Prevention"; and (5) "Summary and Conclusions." Within each section, adults, youth, and use of various drugs are considered separately. The following findings are presented: (1) there is a paucity of research on substance abuse among black youths and on prevention programs designed for them; (2) alcohol and other drug use is lower among black adolescents than among whites; (3) blacks report the highest number of problems for each ounce of alcohol consumed per day compared to other ethnic groups; and (4) once blacks enter young adulthood, their risk of developing alcohol-related problems is substantially greater than that for whites. Abstracts of 12 documents concerning substance abuse among blacks are included. A list of 131 references is included. (JS)
Descriptors: Adults, Alcohol Abuse, Annotated Bibliographies, Black Attitudes, Black Youth, Blacks, Community Programs, Cultural Differences, Drug Abuse, Incidence, Peer Influence, Prevention, Racial Differences, Research Needs, School Activities, Social Environment, Sociocultural Patterns, Socioeconomic Status, Substance Abuse, Whites, Youth Problems
Publication Type: Reports - General; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Southwest Regional Laboratory for Educational Research and Development, Los Alamitos, CA.; Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, CA.; Western Center for Drug-Free Schools and Communities.; Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.
Note: For a related document, see UD 027 399.