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ERIC Number: ED318781
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Application of a Mixed Consequential Ethical Model to a Problem Regarding Test Standards.
Busch, John Christian
The work of the ethicist Charles Curran and the problem-solving strategy of the mixed consequentialist ethical model are applied to a traditional social science measurement problem--that of how to adjust a recommended standard in order to be fair to the test-taker and society. The focus is on criterion-referenced teacher certification tests. Because of test score fallibility, decisions made with those scores are subject to error, such as in the case of labeling a truly competent person as incompetent, or the reverse, labeling an incompetent person as competent. Psychometricians must recommend decisions regarding the standard; the ethical model of Charles Curran is adopted in this discussion. Curran specifically addresses the need for ethicists to speak to science in considering ethical issues, and he emphasizes the importance of an interchange between the technical and the theological/philosophical. A central and critical aspect of Curran's ethical model is the identification of the values of oneself or the institution. The consequences of adjusting the standard are to be examined and then compared with the values sought. Resolution then depends on the relative evaluation of the problems resulting from false positive and false negative errors. The advantages must outweigh the disadvantages. Values judged to be relevant to the problem in the case of teacher certification are listed, and a matrix summarizing consistency of consequences of actions with values is included. (SLD)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A