ERIC Number: ED318773
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
On the Rationale, Typology, and Methodology of Research and Scholarship: A Practitioner's Understanding of Epistemology.
A personal understanding of the concepts of scholarship, knowledge, and research is presented. The basic task of scholarship is to study reality with a view to finding out what it is like, the relations of different parts to each other, and the applications to which the findings can lead. The scholarly search must be a rational procedure. Scholarship can result in knowledge about tangible reality and rational ways of attaining certain goals, but it cannot solve or explain existential problems that are at the core of human life (such as belief, love, and emotion). Three types of scholarly work are evident: (1) fact finding; (2) formation of theories and hypotheses; and (3) interpretation of texts and occurrences (hermeneutics). Metaphysical, non-rational ideas, assumptions, beliefs, and convictions cannot be part of scholarly studies, although they can be analyzed and illuminated in a scholarly way. Objectivity is a basic requirement in this understanding of science, research, and scholarship. A 56-item list of references is included. (SLD)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: FernUniversitat, Hagen (West Germany). Zentrales Inst. fur Fernstudienforschung Arbeitsbereich.