ERIC Number: ED318648
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
U.S. Policy in the Persian Gulf: New Beginnings.
For 40 years the primary objectives of U.S. policy in the Persian Gulf have been to assure access by the industrialized nations to the region's oil and to prevent those resources from falling under the control of the Soviet Union or any other hostile power. The recent events in Iran, the Iran-Iraq War and its aftermath, the maneuvering of a powerful post-war Iraq, increasing Soviet activism, and the proliferation of chemical weapons and ballistic missiles call for an examination of what political, economic, and military elements will best serve future U.S. policy and interests in the region. Few conference participants saw any prospects of a genuine peace in the region in the near future, and most agreed there was little threat of Soviet intervention. Participants agreed that a fundamental reassessment of U.S. policy in the region was necessary. They identified several key issues but disagreed on potential outcomes. The major issues for U.S. policy consideration include: (1) the need to shift U.S. attention from deterring the Soviets toward a focus on forces in the Persian Gulf; (2) an exploration with the United Nations to diffuse the Shatt al-Arab River as a trigger for renewed conflict; (3) a reevaluation of U.S. military presence in the region based on the perception of a decreased Soviet threat; (4) an assessment of the opportunities for active U.S. diplomacy in the Gulf; (5) an examination of the potential for developing multilateral regimes for the purpose of promoting rapprochement among the Gulf states; and (6) a determination of what efforts can be made to find a regime to limit both chemical and advanced conventional weapons proliferation. The report could be used as background information for teachers or by secondary level students. (JB)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Proceedings; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Stanley Foundation, Muscatine, IA.
Identifiers - Location: Iran; Iraq; USSR