ERIC Number: ED318572
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
An Analysis of Retention Policies and Their Possible Effects on Retention Rates.
Schwager, Mahna; Balow, Irving H.
Seventeen Southern California school districts participated in a pilot study intended to develop a framework for classifying district policies on retaining students. It was assumed that differences in district policy created varying levels of objectification of standards for decision making and varying degrees of work effort needed to implement the policies. It was hypothesized that these variances influenced districts' retention rates. All districts participating in the pilot study provided a copy of their policy on elementary student retention and promotion and a count of students retained in 1987-88. Three classification variables were used. An objectification of standards scale ranged from silence on criteria to the use of standardized tests. Difficulty of policy implementation was assessed through two variables. An administrative work effort scale ranged from simple notification of parents to referral to a child study team. A child remediation work effort scale ranged from no required remediation to remediation before and after retention. In an effort to validate the framework, district policies and retention data of another 54 California school districts were analyzed. Findings from the 71 participating districts indicated significant correlations across grades 2-6 on objectivity of standards. Increased administrative work consistently inhibited retention rates, which declined markedly at upper elementary grade levels. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: California Educational Research Cooperative, Riverside.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California