ERIC Number: ED318564
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Facilitating Children's Academic Achievement: Does Maternal Employment Matter?
This study concerned effects of maternal work hours, education, and sex of child on the amount of supervision and guidance of children's study and homework and the amount of cognitive stimulation provided by the mother. Analyses were conducted to examine the relative contribution of commitment to the parental role and role strain to parent-child relationships. Participants were 52 married mothers of a kindergarten or first-grade child. Of the mothers, 22 were not employed, 18 were employed part-time, and 10 were employed full-time. Survey items concerned demographic characteristics, employment status, child supervision and guidance practices, cognitive stimulation activities, parental commitment, and role strain. There were no significant relationships between the number of hours that a mother was employed and the extent to which she provided supervision and guidance of her child's schoolwork and cognitive stimulation. Findings suggest that parental commitment plays an important role in the provision of supervision, guidance, and cognitive stimulation to the child. The effect of role strain on parenting processes appears to reflect a reduction in the amount of time a mother has for supervision and guidance functions. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: N/A