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ERIC Number: ED318216
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Pages: 36
Abstractor: N/A
Oral Patterns and Written Composition.
Farrell, Alan
It is proposed that many students are unable to distinguish between unguarded writing patterns and literate or expository ones, and it is becoming increasingly necessary in writing instruction to clarify and impose the distinction between these patterns. This problem is confounded by current trends toward exclusively spoken language in the classroom and the use of culturally authentic oral patterns. The common element in written and oral language is the need for economy, which can be exploited to systematically address the disorderliness of unguarded language. A long and relatively complex sentence can be analyzed for simple elements: action and action verbs, responsible agents and victims, and referents. This information can be restructured into a simpler version of the story. Another exercise has students seeking the essential words in a page or passage, at first by guided searching and later without guidance. The resulting list of verbs and nouns can be reconstituted into sentences and paragraphs, with themes and conclusions. An additional strategy uses the vocabulary relating to familiar movies, which students write into sentences explaining the movie stories, manipulating forms and syntax through drills, and adding and changing phrases. Another approach uses analysis of word clustering and sentence formulas in a passage. (MSE)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Perspectives in Foreign Language Teaching. Proceedings of the Annual Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages and Literatures (12th, Youngstown, OH, October 21-22, 1988); see FL 018 244.