ERIC Number: ED318112
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Educational and Structural Adjustment in Latin America. Development Discussion Paper No. 314.
This paper examines the impact of the Latin American external debt on education. Results suggest that increases in debt levels in 19 Latin American countries have negatively affected education as a percentage of government expenditures. In some cases, this means that education expenditures are failing to keep up with growth of total government expenditures, rather than declining in absolute terms. Higher percentages of the education budget are going to recurrent expenditures. Among the countries examined, there is no uniform pattern of changes in budget percentages going to teacher salaries and scholarships. There are significant reductions in the percentage of current expenditures for teaching materials. Basic education may be less protected than higher education from the "quick fix" adjustment programs implemented to respond to the debt crisis. This is worrisome, given the uneven income distribution in Latin America. Reform of the adjustment phase will require a systemic approach to educational finance and educational management and reexamination of the linkages between education and productivity. (83 references) (MLH)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Inst. for International Development.