ERIC Number: ED318091
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Nov
School Organization, Leadership, and Student Behavior.
Duke, Daniel L.
Concerned with organizational approaches to student behavior, this paper first describes the key elements of organizational structure and leadership. These include articulation of organizational goals, such as ensuring an orderly environment conducive to learning and cultivating responsible student behavior and good character. The school's control mechanisms (evaluation, supervision, rewards, sanctions, and coordination) help facilitate achievement of school goals. Four additional elements (complexity, centralization, formalization, and stratification) are linked to organizational outcomes, along with constructs such as organizational culture and school climate. Three school-based strategies are categorized according to direct and indirect effects on student behavior and influence on teacher effectiveness. Relevant research studies, organized according to focus and methodology, are discussed and then summarized in a table. Research categories include school effectiveness studies, reanalysis of large data-sets, survey and case study research, alternative schools research, and district-sponsored studies of local discipline programs. No single strategy is universally effective. A future agenda raises several issues regarding research validity, effective organizational strategy, and the impact of school discipline plans. (35 references) (MLH)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: A commissioned paper.