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ERIC Number: ED318066
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Mar
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Value in the New Rhetoric: I. A. Richards and the Necessity of "Ethos."
Brown, Stuart C.
In much current literary and rhetorical theory, analysis of text assumes greater authority than the text and its creator. Through a reexamination of the ancient Greeks' notion of "ethos" (the residue of the writer or speaker in the text), the writer, reader, and text can be reunited, particularly in light of the theory of meanings proposed by I. A. Richards. Richards asserted that self can be discovered through a discovery of meaning. To Richards, the text, as the work of the writer or speaker, cannot be ignored by the reader or listener, who is to derive approximate meaning. Arriving at meaning is an investigation into the psychology of the reader, the text, and the writer. The writer's character, as reflected by the text, meets the character of the reader through the mediation of the text. To Richards, language may be the only means by which human development can continue. Closer examination of the ethos of both writer and reader leads each to a greater understanding of the other and the other's misunderstandings. (Five notes are included; 23 references are attached.) (SG)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A