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ERIC Number: ED318018
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Mar
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Synthesizing Current Views of Audience: Notes toward a Fuller Understanding of Audience.
Roen, Duane H.
The concept of audience has emerged as a central theme in many scholarly discussions. Walter Ong focuses on fiction and believes that what has been said about fictional narrative applies to all writing. Lev Vygotsky offers the view that students work in the zone of proximal development and observes that thought itself develops as a result of our social experiences. John Trimbur has presented a convincing argument that by melding the work of Vygotsky with the work of Mikhail Bakhtin, educators can understand that writers can have the voices of many others in their heads and can draw on these voices freely when they compose. All of this suggests the concept of collaborative learning, in the vein of Kenneth Bruffee's work, suggesting that an educator's task involves engaging students in conversation among themselves at as many points in both the writing and reading process as possible. James Reither and Douglas Vipond explain that by developing claims cooperatively, collectively, and collaboratively the members of such a community-within-a-community learn from one another, teach, support, and sustain one another. Thomas Kuhn has done much to describe the ways in which specific discourse communities socially construct knowledge. Stanley Fish calls these phenomena interpretative communities." Educators need to give students opportunities to work within the many discourse communities represented in any classroom. In this way writing and reading become mutually reinforcing, and writers and readers become mutually supportive. (Forty-two references are attached.) (MG)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A