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ERIC Number: ED317955
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Phonemic Effects in Text Comprehension and Text Memory.
McCutchen, Deborah; Dibble, Emily
A study investigated the role of phonemic (sound-based) information during silent reading to determine whether the visual tongue-twister effect occurs only when readers make judgments of sentence acceptability or whether the visual tongue-twister effect is due to the way sentences are represented in memory. Data were collected from 45 university undergraduates, who were asked to respond to 24 sentence triads. Within each triad, two sentences contained phonemic confusions (visual tongue-twisters) and one was a control sentence that contained a natural mix of word-initial phonemes and formed an approximate semantic paraphrase of one of the tongue-twisters. Two-word memory probes were created for 16 of the sentence triads. Reading times for the sentences, response times to the probes, and response accuracy were recorded. Results revealed that adult readers took significantly longer to read tongue-twisters than to read control sentences. Adult readers also took significantly longer to respond to memory probes from tongue-twisters than from those of control sentences. There were no significant differences in response accuracy to the three probe types (control sentence, alveolar tongue-twister, and fricative tongue-twister). The findings suggest that sound-based information is still used by skilled adult readers during sentence comprehension. Examples of the three types of stimuli and data results are included. (KEH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A