ERIC Number: ED317912
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Nov-3
Reference Count: 0
Sixth-Graders' Expressed Attitudes toward Alcohol Use and Expected Peer Responses.
Spradling, Vicky Y.; And Others
Drug and alcohol abuse remains one of the most serious problems facing our society today. This study proposed that expected consequences of resisting peer pressure to drink alcohol may be important influences on actual drinking behavior and focused on describing these expectations. Sixth-graders (N=70) were presented with a hypothetical dilemma involving peer pressure to drink beer and asked to provide a strategy for dealing with the friend and expectations for the friend's response and the situation outcome. Strategy success was defined as being resistant to pressure to drink, while minimizing distancing from peers. The majority of subjects were able to generate some form of a response to peer pressure to drink that was an expression of a refusal. However, the simple "Just Say No" response was judged by raters as less likely to be successful in handling the drinking dilemma based on the criteria of resisting the pressure to drink while minimizing any distancing or alienation from friends. "No" responses that were accompanied by additional explanations or communications which helped to ease the air of conflict with the peer or which sought to persuade the peer of the reasons behind the decision were associated with more positive expectations regarding both the friend's response and the outcome of the situation. Girls had more positive expectations than did boys for situation outcomes. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Texas Psychological Association (Houston, TX, November 3, 1989).