ERIC Number: ED317890
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Psychological Effects of a Suicide Prevention Curriculum on Adolescents' Levels of Stress, Anxiety, and Hopelessness: Implications for Mental Health Professionals.
Silbert, Kathy L.; Berry, Gordon L.
Suicide is currently the third leading cause of death among teenagers between the ages of 15 and 19 years in the United States. Some of the psychological variables which may be indicators of adolescent suicidal risk are a longstanding history of stress, anxiety, depression, and hopelessness. This study examined the effects of a senior high school suicide prevention unit on students' levels of stress, anxiety, and hopelessness. An experimental group (N=119) that received instruction in suicide prevention, and that demonstrated special needs, i.e., low social support, high stress, high anxiety, and/or high degrees of hopelessness, was compared with an experimental group (N=148) that did not demonstrate special needs, and with two control groups that received no instruction, one with (N=26) and one without (N=30) special needs. Results indicated that, although both experimental groups showed significant increases in factual knowledge, only the experimental group with special needs showed significant change on the psychological variables. However, when comparing the experimental group with special needs to the control group with special needs, no significant differential changes were noted. Implications for mental health professionals are considered. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A