ERIC Number: ED317847
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Vocational Education in Corrections. Trends and Issues Alerts.
The number of persons confined to correctional institutions continues to grow at an unprecedented rate. Some of the factors contributing to this growth include an increase in the 18- to 25-year-old population, a tougher stance on crime resulting in more prison sentences, longer sentences because younger offenders commit more violent crimes, and more severe sentences for some types of offenders. Education is offered by about 90 percent of correctional institutions, but only about 5 percent of inmates are enrolled in vocational education programs, although 50 percent could benefit from them. Despite its limited availability, vocational education has a long tradition in correctional facilities and is considered to have great potential. However, provision of vocational education is hampered by lack of funding, inadequate number of programs, outmoded equipment and materials, and limited space. Some studies have documented positive relationships between inmates' participation in vocational education and employment upon release. A newer issue is provision of vocational education to female inmates, a population that has increased 158 percent in the past 10 years. Female inmates have typically had training only in traditional service occupations; female inmates have sued for more opportunities for vocational education in nontraditional fields. (This fact sheet lists resources that provide information about correctional vocational education. Included are annotations of 14 print resources and a list of 5 organizations that can provide more information.) (KC)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies; ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.