ERIC Number: ED317720
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Job Training Partnership Act. Youth Participant Characteristics, Services, and Outcomes. Briefing Report to Congressional Requesters.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.
Research was conducted to determine whether Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) services were being targeted to those most in need, to identify which participants got which services, and to identify associations between characteristics, services, and outcomes. Data were obtained on 5,300 youth from a random sample of 63 service delivery areas. The study focused on out-of-school youth and used analysis similar to an earlier adult study. Among the findings were the following: there was little evidence of targeting services to those with the greatest need; services to out-of-school youth were occupational training for 53 percent of the group, nonoccupational training for 26 percent, and job search assistance only for 21 percent; black male high school graduates were about two-thirds more likely than white male high school graduates to receive job search assistance only and about half as likely to receive training for moderate or higher skill occupations; a similar pattern was found between white and black females, although the differences were not generally as great as for males; the proportions of Hispanics receiving various services were roughly similar to the proportions of whites receiving those services; out-of-school youth often received longer on-the-job training for lower skill jobs than the maximum typically needed for such positions; and over three-fourths of out-of-school youth achieved positive outcomes upon termination from JTPA, with nearly two-thirds placed in jobs and 13 percent in other positive situations such as entering the armed forces, an apprenticeship program, or other schooling. (Nine appendices provide data tables supporting the text; Appendix 10 identifies the major contributors to the report.) (CML)
Descriptors: Accountability, Dropouts, Employment Potential, Equal Education, Government School Relationship, High School Graduates, Job Search Methods, On the Job Training, Out of School Youth, Outcomes of Education, Program Effectiveness, Program Implementation, Program Validation, Resource Allocation, Work Experience Programs
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20877 (first five copies free; additional copies $2.00 each; 100 or more: 25% discount).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Job Training Partnership Act 1982