ERIC Number: ED317699
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Mixing Careers and Child Rearing. Background Paper No. 31.
Rodgers, Charles S.; Rodgers, Francene S.
The issue of combining careers and child rearing has come into public consciousness because so many more women with children now work. This means that there are many more families where both parents work. Women are voicing a growing sense of disillusionment regarding earnings, occupational segregation, child care difficulties, and performing two full-time jobs. They are dropping out of promising careers and starting their own businesses. Barriers to combining career and child rearing include standard business practices, such as the lack of schedule flexibility; entry barriers, such as finding child care; and hours of work. The average employed married woman with children works the equivalent of more than two full-time jobs. Men are experiencing the tradeoffs of combining career and child rearing at an increasing rate, but still significantly less than their spouses. If women cannot participate in the labor force to their fullest capacity, the marketplace is deprived of some of its most productive workers. Fertility in the United States has declined dramatically. Given the demands of careers and the costs of children to careers, many women and men appear to be making an explicit choice between career and child rearing. Policy implications for dependent care, employer flexibility, and management sensitivity are discussed; a research agenda is identified; and 39 references are included. (CML)
Descriptors: Adults, Birth Rate, Child Rearing, Childlessness, Day Care, Dual Career Family, Employed Women, Employer Supported Day Care, Employment Patterns, Entrepreneurship, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Family (Sociological Unit), Flexible Working Hours, Labor Utilization, Parent Child Relationship, Personnel Integration, Salary Wage Differentials
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Labor, Washington, DC. Commission on Workforce Quality and Labor Market Efficiency.
Authoring Institution: N/A