ERIC Number: ED317696
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Sep
Part-Time and Temporary Work. Background Paper No. 29a.
Blank, Rebecca M.
Part-time work is a significant aspect of the U.S. labor market, and the number of part-time jobs has increased from 6 million in 1955 to 19 million in 1987. Part-time work is done by a very diverse range of workers, particularly teenagers, older workers, and women with children. Consequently, it is probably not useful to think about the part-time labor market as a single group of workers. The available evidence indicates that most employers think of part-time workers as nonpromotable workers who solve particular scheduling and peak-demand problems within the firm. However, there is increasing evidence of a growing awareness that there may be other types of part-time workers and other types of part-time jobs. Part-time workers in professional and managerial occupations appear to be at least as well paid as their full-time fellow workers. The growing number of women who seek part-time work on a temporary basis during their child-rearing years may lead to a growing number of professional part-time jobs and some reconceptualization of part-time work and part-time workers. Ongoing growth is forecast in the service, retail, and financial industries, which are areas with a lot of part-time slots. Most of the part-time jobs opening up will be the more traditional lower-skill, noncareer-path type. Useful research projects would include those on (1) the relationship between part-time jobs and fringe benefit programs; (2) the reasons people seek part-time work; (3) the impact of part-time work on the well-being of households; and (5) the labor market implications resulting from the demands of women who are predominantly full-time and long-time workers for part-time jobs at certain points in their life. (The document contains 57 references and 2 figures.) (CML)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Labor, Washington, DC. Commission on Workforce Quality and Labor Market Efficiency.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: In "Investing in People: A Strategy to Address America's Workforce Crisis" (CE 054 080).