ERIC Number: ED317686
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of the Employment Service. Background Paper No. 19.
Cohen, Malcolm S.; Stevens, David W.
An examination of the recent performance of the United States Employment Service (USES) and the State Employment Security Agency (SESA) results in the following conclusions: (1) there are compelling public responsibilities that require the government to provide some employment services; (2) developing demographic, production, and budgetary forces have created an urgent need to redefine federal responsibilities; and (3) the 1990s will challenge the USES to target very limited federal resources in ways that ensure that the SESAs offer reliable competency certification and efficient referrral of candidates to jobs. Policy alternatives include maintaining the status quo; withdrawing from public responsibility for labor-exchange services; giving up state control in the management of labor-exchange responsibilities; abandoning federal oversight of the management of labor-exchange functions; and adopting a hybrid approach that uses market incentives to achieve efficiencies akin to good business practices, but that retains public responsibility for defining appropriate system goals and performance standards. The last option seems best and may include decentralizing through providing block grants to states, offering states competitive grants for innovative practices, and establishing a National Center for Employment Service Training and Research. (Forty-one references are included.) (CML)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Labor, Washington, DC. Commission on Workforce Quality and Labor Market Efficiency.
Authoring Institution: N/A