ERIC Number: ED317685
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Utilization of Public and Private Job Search Mechanisms: The Experiences of Employers and Employees. Background Paper No. 18.
Holzer, Harry J.
Studies show that the most frequently used public or private job search method among job seekers is checking with friends and relatives. This method also generates the most accepted jobs. Direct applications without referral and newspaper ads are also used relatively frequently. Less-skilled employees and minorities use the U.S. Employment Service (USES) more frequently than other groups, but even for these groups, only small fractions of all jobs found are accounted for by the USES. For employers, referrals from current employees and direct walk-ins are the most frequently used recruitment methods, and they generate the most hires. Again, the USES accounts for a very small fraction of those hired. The data clearly suggest that informal search methods are least costly and most effective for most employers and employees. It is also clear that minorities, women, and perhaps youth are disadvantaged when using the informal mechanisms. No specific reforms of the USES are endorsed. Options might be to strengthen other public mechanisms, such as school placement offices, by increasing the flow of information about local and national labor markets to these offices. However, this would provide no benefits to dropouts. Special instruction on the informal job search process (the writing of resumes and applications, the seeking of referrals, the interview process) in schools and training programs might be useful. (The document contains 2 data tables, 28 research notes, and 32 references.) (CML)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Labor, Washington, DC. Commission on Workforce Quality and Labor Market Efficiency.
Authoring Institution: N/A