ERIC Number: ED317631
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1987-May
Reference Count: N/A
Minors in Immigration Proceedings: Problems of Child Welfare and Immigration Enforcement.
Forbes, Susan S.; Weiss-Fagen, Patricia
This document comprises a report on the status and needs of undocumented minor aliens detained by the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and proposes a national policy regarding their care and treatment. Information was gathered from 26 site visits in the following states: (1) Arizona; (2) California; (3) Florida; (4) Nevada; (5) Texas; and (6) Washington, D.C. The following issues are discussed: (1) patterns of apprehension; (2) staging facilities; (3) regulations on advisement of rights, voluntary departure, and exclusion/deportation hearings; (4) circumstances of detention; (5) types, conditions, and services of facilities; (6) release policies; (7) legal issues and problems of applying for political asylum; and (8) roles of child welfare agencies. The following recommendations are suggested for inclusion in a national policy: (1) release from custody as soon as possible; (2) assign responsibility for release to local child welfare service providers; (3) locate parents and arrange for family reunification; (4) facilitate voluntary departure of minors who live away from the United States border; (5) develop alternatives to the use of secure detention facilities; (6) require facilities to meet the licensing provisions of state child welfare and/or youth service agencies; (7) ensure adequate legal counsel; (8) designate INS staff to coordinate policy development and implementation; (9) appoint a private-sector ombudsman to monitor the circumstances of detainees; and (10) collect statistical data on the age and sex of apprehended and detained minors, asylum requests, and disposition of cases. One table of statistical data and a chart illustrating the sequence of events in immigration proceedings are included. A list of site visits and INS procedures for handling minors are appended. (FMW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Refugee Policy Group, Washington, DC.